Ladakh is renowned for its remote Mountain Beauty and culture. it is sometimes called “Little Tibet” as it has been strongly influenced by Tibetan culture. Historically Ladakh was a Buddhist kingdom that included Baltistan and Aksai-Chin. which are now administered by Pakistan and China respectively. It has a strategic location at the Crossroads of major trade routes. But since the Chinese authorities close the border with Tibet and Central Asia in the 1960s, International Trade has dwindled except for tourism. Since 1974 the Indian government has successfully encouraged tourism in Ladakh. Ladakh has been a focal point of numerous Wars between India and Pakistan and the sino-Indian war of 1962. The Saltoro Ridge in the Siachen glacier is an active military zone even today.
The ancient inhabitants of Ladakh with darts and Indo-Aryans race from down the Indus. But immigration from Tibet more than a thousand years ago largely overwhelmed the culture of the dards and moped up the racial characters in Eastern and Central Ladakh. Today’s population seems to be mostly of Tibet origin. Buddhism reached Tibet from India via Ladakh. The area was the stronghold of Buddhism before Islam reached.